18 de jan de 2012

Projeto de lei contra o acesso livre

O projeto de lei n. HR 3699 (Research Works Act) foi apresentado ao Congresso Americano, em 23 de dezembro de 2011, pelo deputado Darrell Issa (Republicano, Califórnia), presidente da Comissão de Supervisão e Reforma do Governo, em conjunto com a Deputada Carolyn Maloney (Democratas, NY). De acordo com o sítio da Association of American Publishers (AAP), a “legislação visa prevenir interferências de regulamentação com editoras privadas do setor de pesquisa em análise pelos pares (peer review), a produção e a publicação de artigos de revistas cientificas, médicas, técnicas, jurídicas ou acadêmicas. Ele é um projeto que visa impedir atividades como as dos Institutos Nacionais de Saúde Publica (NIH), que exige que os cientistas devam submeter ao repositório digital PubMed os seus manuscritos de artigos já aceitos por uma revista e cujas pesquisas receberam verbas dos institutos.
Esse projeto de lei é uma reação das editoras comerciais contra o crescimento do conceito de acesso livre. O livre acesso à pesquisa médica salva vidas em todo o mundo e, com esse projeto, isto seria impedido. Esse assunto certamente vai provocar uma grande discussão a nível mundial.
Abaixo o texto completo do projeto de lei. Para maiores detalhes sobre o andamento do projeto consultar o URL: http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d112:h.r.03699:
Murilo Cunha

H.R.3699 -- Research Works Act (Introduced in House - IH)

HR 3699 IH
112th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 3699
To ensure the continued publication and integrity of peer-reviewed research works by the private sector.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

December 16, 2011

Mr. ISSA (for himself and Mrs. MALONEY) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
A BILL
To ensure the continued publication and integrity of peer-reviewed research works by the private sector.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the `Research Works Act'.

SEC. 2. LIMITATION ON FEDERAL AGENCY ACTION.

No Federal agency may adopt, implement, maintain, continue, or otherwise engage in any policy, program, or other activity that--
(1) causes, permits, or authorizes network dissemination of any private-sector research work without the prior consent of the publisher of such work; or
(2) requires that any actual or prospective author, or the employer of such an actual or prospective author, assent to network dissemination of a private-sector research work.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

In this Act:
(1) AUTHOR- The term `author' means a person who writes a private-sector research work. Such term does not include an officer or employee of the United States Government acting in the regular course of his or her duties.
(2) NETWORK DISSEMINATION- The term `network dissemination' means distributing, making available, or otherwise offering or disseminating a private-sector research work through the Internet or by a closed, limited, or other digital or electronic network or arrangement.
(3) PRIVATE-SECTOR RESEARCH WORK- The term `private-sector research work' means an article intended to be published in a scholarly or scientific publication, or any version of such an article, that is not a work of the United States Government (as defined in section 101 of title 17, United States Code), describing or interpreting research funded in whole or in part by a Federal agency and to which a commercial or nonprofit publisher has made or has entered into an arrangement to make a value-added contribution, including peer review or editing. Such term does not include progress reports or raw data outputs routinely required to be created for and submitted directly to a funding agency in the course of research.

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